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Aristotelés (-706)
Je-li tedy život sám o sobě dobrý a žádoucí, a když si pak vidoucí uvědomí, že vidí, slyšící, že slyší, jdoucí, že jde a když máme i pro všechny ostatní činnosti vědomí, že jsme činní, takže vnímáme, že vnímáme, a myslíme, že myslíme, je to pro nás známka, že jsme.
(Etika Nikomachova, Praha 19nn, str. – IX.9., 1170a25 a násl.)
vznik lístku: září 2008

Vědomí reflektující | Reflexe prvotní (protoreflexe)

Aristotelés (-706)
... And life is defined, in the case of animals, by the capacity for sensation; in the case of man, by the capacity for sensation and thought. But capacity is referred to its activity, and in this its full reality consists. /562/ It appears therefore that life in the full sense is sensation or thought. But life is a thing good and pleasant in itself, for it is definite, and definiteness is a part of the essence of goodness, and what is essentially good is good for the good man, and hence appears to be pleasant to all men. We must not argue from a vicious an corrupt life, or one that is painful, for such a life is indefinite, like its attributes. ... But if life itself is good and pleasant (...); and if one who sees is conscious that he sees, one who hears that he hears, one who walks that he walks, and similarly for all the other human activities there is a faculty that is conscious of their exercise, so that whenever we perceive, we are conscious that we perceive, and whenever we think, we are conscious that we think, and to be conscious that we are perceiving or thinking is to be conscious that we exist (for existence, as we saw, is sense-perception or thought); and if to be conscious one is alive is a pleasant thing in itself (for life is a thing essentially good, and to be conscious that one possesses a good thing is pleasant); and if life is desirable, and especially so for good men, because existence is good for them, and so pleasant (because they are pleased by the perception of what is intrinsically good); and if the virtuous man feels towards his friend in the same way as he feels /564/ towards himself (for his friend is a second self) – then, just as man´s own existence is desirable for him, so, or nearly so, is his friend´s existence also desirable. But, as we saw, it is the consciousness of oneself as good that makes existence desirable, and such consciousness is pleasant in itself. Therefore ...
(4361, Nicomachean Ethics, Cambridge (Ma)+London 1975, p. 561-64 –
IX.9, 1170a16 nn.)
vznik lístku: září 2008